This paper presents the speed control of a separately excited DC motor using Fuzzy Logic Control (FLC). The Fuzzy Logic Controller designed in this study applies the required control voltage based on motor speed error (e) and its change (ce). The performance of the driver system was evaluated through digital simulations using Simulink. The simulation results show that the control with FLC outperforms PI control in terms of overshoot, steady state error and rise time. Topics: DC motor, chopper, FLC.
Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation (SVPWM) method is an advanced, computation intensive PWM method and possibly the best among all the PWM techniques for variable frequency drive applications. The SVPWM is an alternative method for the determination of switching pulse width and their position. The major advantage of SVPWM stem from the fact that, there is a degree of freedom of space vector placement in a switching cycle. This feature improves the harmonic performance of this method. This... Topics: SVPWM, 7-Segment SVM, 5-Segment SVM, Two -Level Inverter, SIMULINK
This paper proposes a genetic algorithm optimization technique for optimal placement of distributed generation in a radial distribution system to minimize the total power loss and to improve the voltage sag performance. Load flow algorithm and three phase short circuit analysis are combined appropriately with GA, till access to acceptableresults of this operation. The suggested method is programmed under MATLAB software. The implementation of the algorithm is illustrated on a 34-node radial... Topics: Distributed Generation, Line Loss, Voltage Sag, Genetic Algorithm, and Radial Distribution network
This paper presents a Marathi database and isolated Word recognition system based on Mel-frequency cepstral coefficient (MFCC), and Distance Time Warping (DTW) as features. For the extraction of the feature, Marathi speech database has been designed by using the Computerized Speech Lab. The database consists of the Marathi vowels, isolated words starting with each vowels and simple Marathi sentences. Each word has been repeated three times by the 35 speakers. This paper presents the comparative... Topics: CSL, MFCC, DTW, Spectrogram, Speech Recognition and statistical method
Data mining helps to find predictive information from large databases. Companies use predictive modeling tools for strategic decision-making. It helps companies to identify and account for the key assumptions that drive business value—enabling good decision making that leads to predictable results. By analyzing the company’s historical information we can anticipate these changes. This paper aims at providing a proposed data mining solution that can be used for automotive market, especially... Topics: Data Mining, Predictive Modeling, Linear regression Analysis, WEKA
This paper presents an alternative approach for the design of linear phase digital low pass FIR filter using Particle Swarm Optimization with Constriction Factor and Inertia Weight Approach (PSO-CFIWA). FIR filter design is a multimodal optimization problem. The conventional gradient based optimization techniques are not efficient for digital filter design. Given the filter specification to be realized, PSO algorithm generates a set of filter coefficients and tries to meet the ideal frequency... Topics: FIR Filter, PSO, GA, Optimization, Magnitude Response, Convergence, Low Pass Filter
This paper presents a new soft-switched resonant dcdc converter using a passive snubber circuit. The proposed converter uses a new zero voltage and zero current switching (ZVZCS) strategies to get ZVZCS function. Besides operating at constant frequency, all semiconductor devices operate at soft-switching without additional voltage and current stresses. In order to validate the proposed converter, computer simulations and experimental results were conducted. The paper indicates the effective... Topics: ZVZCS, resonant, converter, semiconductor, current switching, snubber
The conventional line commutated ac-to-dc converters/ inverters have square-shaped line current which contains higher-order harmonics. Moreover, it requires a costly and bulky dc inductor or choke. The line current with the high harmonic contents generates EMI and therefore itcauses more heating of the core of distribution or power transformers. Alternatively, PWM based inverters using MOSFET/IGBT switches can be used for the above purpose. However, apart from higher switching losses, the power... Topics: grid connected inverter, total harmonic distortion (THD), simulink, line current
Devices such as power electronics converters, inject harmonic currents in the AC system and increase overall reactive power demanded by the equivalent loads are presents non-linear characteristics. Also, the number of sensitive loads that require ideal sinusoidal supply voltages for their proper operation has increased. In order to keep power quality under limits proposed by standards, it is necessary to include some sort of compensation. The aim of this paper is to present a unified power... Topics: unified power quality conditioner, fuzzy logic controller, powewr quality, dc link voltage
Spectrum analysis is very essential requirement in instrumentation and communication signal interception .Spectrum analysis is normally carried out by online or offline FFT processing. But the FFT being highly mathematical intensive, is not suitable for low area and low power applications. Offline FFT processing can’t give the real time spectrum estimation which is essential in communication signal interception. Online FFT computation takes very high resources, which makes the system costly... Topics: FFT, Goertzel algorithm, Spectrum Analysis, VHDL, XilinX ISE, Modelsim, Spartan 3E-FPGA board.
In this paper with the help of Matlab/Simulink and dSPACE, the Switch-Mode DC Converter is built in real-time to control the output voltage of the controller using PWM algorithm. First, the Simulink model of Switch-Mode DC Converter (i.e. Single-Pole and Two-Pole Converter Model) is built and, after verifying the results, it is implemented in real-time. Next, a DC motor is connected to the output terminals (i.e. Phase A1 and Phase B1) of the Power Electronics Board such that a variable voltage... Topics: Single-pole, Two-pole, dSPACE
The objective of this work is to propose an image denoising technique and compare it with image denoising using ridgelets. The proposed method uses slantlet transform instead of wavelets in ridgelet transform. Experimental result shows that the proposed method is more effective than ridgelets in noise removal. The proposed method is effective in compressing images while preserving edges. Topics: ridgelet, slantlet transform, image denoising, compression, huffman, edge
Variable Frequency Transformer (VFT) is a controllable bi-directional transmission device that can transfer power between asynchronous networks. It avoids both HVDC link and FACTS based power transmission control system. Basically, it is a rotatory transformer whose torque is adjusted in order to control the power flow. In this paper, a simulated model of VFT is used as a controllable bidirectionalpower transmission device that can control power flow through the connected asynchronous power... Topics: Variable frequency transformer (VFT), MATLAB, Asynchronous power systems, Power flow.
Due to increasing industrialization quantity of waste water is increasing at alarming rate while compositions of such waste are being more and more complex. Disposal of such waste must follow suitable treatments so that qualities of effluent for disposal follow requisite standards. Such Standards for effluent are discussed and a case study for a beverage producing plant is reported. Topics: industrial waste, eco-friendly disposal, effluent standards, law enforcement, waste minimization.
These paper presents the dynamic operation of a novel control scheme for Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) based on a new full model comprising a 48-pulse Gate Turn-Off (GTO) thyristor voltage source converter for combined reactive power compensation and voltage stabilization of the electric grid network. The novel controllerfor the STATCOM presented in this paper is based on a decoupled strategy using the direct and quadrature components of the STATCOM current. The complete digital... Topics: 48-pulse GTO thyristor model STATCOM, novel decoupled control strategy, reactive compensation,...
Harmonic Elimination in a multilevel inverters is an optimization problem which is solved by applying particle swarm optimization (PSO) technique. The derived equation for the computation of total harmonic distortion (THD) of the output voltage of the multilevel inverter is used as the objective function in PSO algorithm. The objective function used is to reduce the THD of the multilevel inverter and obtain the corresponding switching angles with the elimination of possible lower order... Topics: selective harmonic elimination(SHE), particle swarm optimization(PSO), Total harmonic...
Software metrics is applied evaluating and assuring software code quality, it requires a model to convert internal quality attributes to code reliability. High degree of complexity in a component (function, subroutine, object, class etc.) is bad in comparison to a low degree of complexity in a component. Various internal codes attribute which can be used to indirectly assess code quality. In this paper, we analyze the software complexity measures for regression testing which enables the... Topics: Software Complexity, Software Metrics, Regression Testing, Control Flow Metrics1
This paper presents a study of harmonic filters design procedure to minimize harmonic distortion caused by a harmonic source such as drives. The non – linear load considered in this paper is six pulse rectifier load. Design and simulation procedure with respect to this load is explained in details. Several types of shunt harmonic filters are presented. Shunt filters are effective in minimizing voltage distortion caused by nonlinear loads in industrial power systems. Different alternatives of... Topics: Harmonics, passive shunt filters, single tuned filter, high pass filter, filter rating
The phase frequency detector has been designed for high frequency phase locked loop in 180 nm CMOS Technology with 1.8V supply voltage using CADENCE Spectre tool. A Virtuoso Analog Design Environment and Virtuoso LayoutXL tools of Cadence have used to design and simulate schematic and layout of phase frequency detector respectively. Architecture of phase frequency detector (PFD) has simulated to get low dead zone and low power consumption. A layout has designed by above tool and DRC by Assura.... Topics: Phase locked loop (PLL), Phase frequency detector (PFD), Charge pump (CP), Voltage controlled...
Scaling of metal-oxide-semiconductor transistors to smaller dimensions has been a key driving force in the IC industry. This work analysis the gate leakage current behavior of nano scale MOSFET based on TCAD simulation. The Sentaurus Simulator simulates the high-k gate stack structure of N-MOSFET for analysis purpose. The impact of interfacial oxide thickness on the gate tunneling current has been investigated as a function of gate voltages for a given equivalent oxide thickness (EOT) of 1.0... Topics: MOESFET, inelastic trap assisted tunnelling, gate tunneling current, High-k stack
In this paper, two different Wavelet based Image Compression techniques are compared. The techniques involved in the comparison process are WDR and ASWDR. The above two techniques are implemented with different types of wavelet codecs. Wavelet difference reduction (WDR) has recently been proposed as a method for efficient embedded image coding. This method retains all of the important features like low complexity, region of interest, embeddedness, and progressive SNR. ASWDR adapts the scanning... Topics: Wavelet Image Compression, WDR, ASWDR
Humans are able to process a face in a variety of ways to categorize it by its identity, along with a number of other demographic characteristics, including race, gender , and age. Experimental results are based on a face database containing subjects. Race and gender also play an important role in face-related applications. Experimental results are indicated that participants categorized the race of the faceand this categorization drives the perceptual process. A face image data set is... Topics: race identification, PCA, face recognition
A distribution system is an interface between the bulk power system and the consumers. The radial distribution system is popular among these because of its low cost and simple design. The voltage instability in the power system is characterized by a monotonic voltage drop, which is slow at first and becomes abrupt after some time when the system is unable to meet the increasing power demand. Therefore to overcome these problems capacitors are used. The installation of the shunt capacitors on... Topics: Electrical Distribution Network, Optimal Capacitors Placement, Dimension reducing distribution load...
The continued speed improvement of serial links and appearance of new communication technologies, such as ultra-wideband (UWB), have introduced increasing demands on the speed and power specifications of high-speed low-tomedium resolution analog-to-digital converters (ADCs).This paper presents the design of high speed and ultra low power comparator of a 4-bit ADC. The comparator used is Threshold Inverter Quantization (TIQ) consuming less than 145μW power with the input frequency of 1GHz and... Topics: SoC, CMOS, ADC, TIQ.
The sensor nodes in a wireless sensor network are normally microcontroller based which are having limited computational capability related to various applications. This paper describes the selection, specification and realization of a wireless sensor node using the field programmable gate array (FPGA) based architecture for an early detection of hazards (e.g fire and gas-leak ) in mines area. The FPGAs in it’s place are more efficient for complex computations in compare to microcontrollers,... Topics: Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), system on programmable chip (SOPC), FPGA
In the deregulated electricity market, each generating company has to maximize its own profit by committing suitable generation schedule termed as profit based unit commitment (PBUC). This article proposes a Parallel Particle Swarm Optimization (PPSO) solution to the PBUC problem. This method has better convergence characteristics in obtaining optimum solution. The proposed approach uses a cluster of computers performing parallel operations in a distributed environment for obtaining the PBUC... Topics: deregulated market, profit based unit commitment, particle swarm optimization, distributed...
In this paper an attempt has been made to study the application of Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor (TCSC) to mitigate small signal stability problem in addition to congestion management of a heavily loaded line in a multimachine power system. The Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) devices such as TCSC can be used to control the power flows in the network and can help in improvementof small signal stability aspect. It can also provide relief to congestion in the heavily loaded line.... Topics: Congestion management, Particle Swarm Optimization, Small Signal Stability, Thyristor Controlled...
This article presents a 3rd current-mode quadrature oscillator using current controlled current conveyor transconductance amplifier (CCCCTA) and operational transconductance amplifier (OTA) as active element as active elements. The proposed circuit is realized from a noninverting lossless integrator and an inverting second orderlow-pass filter. The oscillation condition and oscillation frequency can be electronically/orthogonally controlled via input bias currents. The circuit description is... Topics: oscillator, current-mode, CCCCTA, OTA
Nowadays high strength and high performance concrete are widely used in many civil engineering constructions. To produce them it is required to reduce the water/powder ratio and increase the binder content. Superplasticizers are commonly used to achieve the workability. Silica fume is one of the popular pozzolanas used in concrete to get imporved properties. The use of silica fume in conjuction with superplastisizers has become the backbone of high strength and high performance concrete. An... Topics: high strength concrete, high performance concrete, superplastcizer, silica fumeI.
In this paper, a novel technique is applied to detect fault in the transmission line using wavelet transform. Three phase currents are monitored at both ends of the transmission line using global positioning system synchronizing clock. Wavelet transform, which is very fast and sensitive to noise, is used to extract transients in the line currents for fault detection. Fault index is calculated based on the sum of local and remote end detail coefficients and compared with threshold value to... Topics: Wavelet transform, transmission line faults, power system protection, fault transients,...
Power system performance is affected by dynamic characteristics of hydraulic governor-turbines during and following any disturbance, such as occurrence of a fault, loss of a transmission line or a rapid change of load. Accurate modelling of hydraulic System is essential to characterize and diagnose the system response. In this article the mathematical modeling of hydraulic turbine is presented. The model is capable to implement the digital systems for monitoring and control replacing the... Topics: mathematical modeling, simulation, hydraulic turbine
In this paper, a built-in self repair technique for word-oriented two-port SRAM memories is presented. The technique is implemented by additional hardware design instead of traditional software diagnostic procedures and the computation time is minimized. A built-in self-test (BIST) is used to detect the faulty locations which are isolated immediately after detection. Therefore, the redirection process can be executed as soon as possible. Spare rows are used to replace the faulty rows. The... Topics: SRAM, two-port memories, PVT faults, fault isolation, BISR
Organic Field-Effect Transistors, OFETs, attract much interest recently and their proficiency and hence applications are being enhanced increasingly. However, only analytical model of old field-effect transistors, developed for silicon-based transistors, and their relevant numerical analyses have been used for such devices, so far. Increasingprecision of such models and numerical methods are essential now in order to modify OFETs and propose more effective models and methods. This study pegs at... Topics: Organic Field-Effect Transistors, IEEE1620, Pentacene, ATLAS (Silvaco) simulator
A refined space vector modulation scheme for multilevel inverters, using only the instantaneous sampled reference signals is presented in this paper. The proposed space vector pulse width modulation technique does not require the sector information and look-up tables to select the appropriate switching vectors. The inverter leg switching times are directly obtained from the instantaneous sampled reference signal amplitudes and centers the switching times for the middle space vectors in a... Topics: dual-fed induction motor, space vector PWM, sampled sinusoidal reference signals, triangular...
Modern embedded systems are built around the soft core processors implemented on FPGA. The FPGAs being capable of implementing custom hardware blocks giving the advantage of ASICs, and allowing the implementation of processor platform are resulting in powerful Configurablesystem on chip(C-SoC)platforms. The Microchip’s PIC microcontroller is very widely used microcontroller architecture across various embedded systems. The implementation of such core on FPGA is very much useful in CSOC based... Topics: CPU, RISC, IP Core, IC, MXE, Xilix.
Physical layout automation is very important in VLSI’s field. With the advancement of semiconductor technology, VLSI is coming to VDSM (Very Deep Sub Micrometer), and the scale of the random logic IC circuits goes towards million gates. Physical design is the process of determining the physical location of active devices and interconnecting them inside the boundary of the VLSI chip.The earliest and the most critical stage in VLSI layout design is the placement. The background is the rectangle... Topics: Placement problems, Memetic algorithm, wire length minimization, area minimization.
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) provides a framework for passing configuration information to hosts on a UDP network. Computers that are connected to IP networks must be configured before they can communicate with other hosts. The most essential information needed is an IP address. DHCP eliminates the manual task by a network administrator. DHCP is based on the Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP), adding the capability of automatic allocation of reusable network addresses and additional... Topics: DHCP, BOOTP, DORA, Lease file, security, CUnit, TCP, UDP and IP address
byHarish Kumar, Piyush Kumar and Kaushal Kumar,Venkat babu G
In this paper a proposed of design and analysis of Finite impulse response filter using Hyperbolic Cosine window (Cosh window for short). This window is very useful for some applications such as beam forming, filter design, and speech processing. Digital FIR filter designed by Kaiser window has a better far-end stop-band attenuation than filter designed by the other previously well known adjustable windows such as Dolph-Chebyshev and Saramaki, which are special cases of Ultraspherical windows,... Topics: Digital FIR filter, far-end stopband attenuation, side-lobe roll-off ratio, window technique,...
Variable frequency transformer (VFT) is used as a controllable bidirectional transmission device that can transfer power between asynchronous networks and functionally is similar to back-to-back HVDC. This paper describes the basic concept of a New Model Variable Frequency Transformer (NMVFT). NMVFT is a new technology which is used for v/f control of induction motors. A digital simulation model of NMVFT and its control system are developed using MATLAB. The out power thus generated in v/f... Topics: Variable frequency transformer (VFT), Asynchronous, New Model Variable Frequency Transformer...
Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC) has been designed with Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) system. A closed loop control scheme has been proposed with PI controller and real and reactive powers are taken as references. A 48 pulse voltage source inverter is designed for the SSSC. Control scheme for the chopper circuit of SMES coil is also designed. A three area system is taken as the test system and the operation of SSSC with SMES is analysed for various transient... Topics: SSSC, SMES, Transient stability, voltage source inverter, closed loop control
Due to the increasing interest on renewable sources in recent times, the studies on integration of distributed generation to the power grid have rapidly increased. In order to minimize line losses of power systems, it is crucially important to define the location of local generation to be placed. Proper location of DGs in power systems is important for obtaining their maximum potential benefits. This paperpresents analytical approaches to determine the optimal location to place a DG on radial... Topics: Analytical approach, distributed generation, radial systems, optimal placement, power loss
byFeras Ahmad Hanandeh and Majdi Yousef Al-Shannag
This paper presents a simplified form of UML state diagrams for modeling agent mobility. Mobile agent has gained more importance technology. The notations used to model agent mobility are focused on capturing agent creation, mobility paths and current agent location. In this paper, we demonstrate how the simplification of the state UML 2.0Activity Diagrams can be used for modeling mobile agent applications. The paper concludes with the appropriateness of the presented approach for modeling... Topics: UML State Diagrams, Agent Mobility, UML Sequence Diagrams
In this paper we present 1D and 2D systolic Distributed Arithmetic (DA) based structures that are designed for the implementation of Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filters. The paper compares the 1D DA based systolic structure with 1D systolic DA based decomposition method. The filters are implemented on a Xilinx Virtex II Pro (XC2VP30) FPGA using HDL and system metrics like Area, Gate Count, MaximumUsable Frequency and Power consumption are estimated for different filter orders and address... Topics: Distributed arithmetic (DA), Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA), Finite Impulse Response (FIR)...
This paper presents 1-bit full adder cell in emerging technologies like FinFET and CNFET that operates in the moderate inversion region for energy efficiency, robustness and higher performance. The performance of the adder is improved by the optimum selection of important process parameters like oxide and fin thickness in FinFET and number of carbon nanotubes, chirality vector and pitch in CNFET. The optimized CNFET-based full adder (OP-CNFET) has higher speed, lower PDP (power-delay product)... Topics: Variability, power-delay product (PDP), moderate inversion region (MIR), optimized FinFET-based...
Using the Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC), Human Factor cepstral coefficients (HFCC) and their new parameters derived from log dynamic spectrum and dynamic log spectrum, these features are widely used for speech recognition in various applications. But, speechrecognition systems based on these features do not perform efficiently in the noisy conditions, mobile environment and for speech variation between users of different genders and ages. To maximize the recognition rate of speaker... Topics: MFCC, HFCC, HMM, HOAP-2
In this paper we introduce a method for part-ofspeech disambiguation of Persian texts, which uses word class probabilities in a relatively small training corpus in order to automatically tag unrestricted Persian texts. The experiment has been carried out in two levels as unigram and bi-gram genotypes disambiguation. Comparing the results gained from the two levels, we show that using immediate right context to which a given word belongs can increase the accuracy rate of the system to a high... Topics: genotype, machine translation, part of speech disambiguation, word class probabilities
DBNorma  is a semi automated database normalization tool, which uses a singly linked list to store a relation and functional dependencies hold on it. This paper describes possible algorithms that can be used to normalize a given relation represented using singly linked list. Thesealgorithms are tested on various relational schemas collected from several research papers/resources and output validated. We have also determined the time required to normalize a given relation in 2NF and 3NF and... Topics: Relation, functional dependency, normalization, normal forms.
We present in this paper a very fine method for determining the location of a ground based target when viewed from an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). By determining the pixel coordinates on the video frame and by using a range finder the target’s geo-location is determined in the North- East-Down (NED) frame. The contribution of this method is that the target can be localized to within 9m when view from an altitude of 2500m and down to 1m from an altitude of 100m.This method offers a highly... Topic: UAV Applications
byDurbadal Mandal, Debanjali Sadhu and Sakti Prasad Ghoshal
Circular antenna array has gained immense popularity in the field of communications nowadays. It has proved to be a better alternative over other types of antenna array configuration due to its all-azimuth scan capability, and a beam pattern which can be kept invariant. This paper is basically concerned with the thinning of a large multiple concentric circular ring arrays of uniformly excited isotropic antennas based on Improved Particle Swarm Optimization (IPSO) method. In this paper a 9... Topics: Concentric Circular Antenna Arrays, Particle Swarm Optimization, Thinning, Sidelobe Level
This paper solves reliability constrained unit commitment problem (UCP) for a composite power system network using network equivalent technique. Here, the integration of generation and transmission system reliability forms a composite power system model. The inclusion of load forecast uncertainty for the solution of unit commitment problem will give more accurate assessment of spinning reserve (SR). Probabilistic techniques help in setting the reserve requirement which is defined by reliability... Topics: Composite generation and transmission system, Genetic algorithm, Load forecast uncertainty, Network...